Application of ion exchange substrates Biona for fertilization of depleted soils and bare sand. 2001

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Application of ion exchange substrates Biona for fertilization of depleted soils and bare sand

Abstract
The effect of minor additions of ion exchange substrates Biona and mechanical mixtures of ion exchangers,
saturated with a full set of biogenic elements, on the productivity of sand and garden soil was investigated. The
addition of 2% of substrate Biona increased the crops by four to five times for soil and four to eight times for sand.
The effect of the addition of the mixture of the monoionic forms was also very pronounced (two to three times) while
less than that of the addition of the ion exchange substrate. Results of the experiments showed that ion exchanger
substrates could be used for fertilization of depleted soils. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Ion exchangers; Ion exchange substrates; Soil restoration

V. Soldatov, L. Pawlowski, M. Szymanska, M. Chomøczynska, V. Matusevich, H. Wasag, A. Machon, H. Kowalik, P. Kobusinski
Technical University of Lublin, 40 Nadbystrzycka Str., 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Institute of Physical Organic Chemistry, 13 Surgano St., Minsk 220072, Belarus
Agricultural Academy of Lublin, 11 Acaldemicka Str., 20-033 Lublin, Poland

Received 3 January 2000; received in revised form 22 December 2000; accepted 21 January 2001
 

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